Chapter Eight: Death, Dying, And Advance Directives In Japan: Socio-Cultural And Legal Point Of View
A draft of the bill of special measures in the medical treatment of terminally ill individuals
|Article One (Purpose)|
|Article Two (Definition)|
|Article Three (Declaration by an Individual to Refuse Excessive Life Prolonging Measures)|
(Middle section omitted)
__2. Article Number 964 of the civil code applies to the witnesses described in (1) above.
__3. The format of the written form to be used, mentioned in the first item of (1) above is shown in a separate table.
|Article Four (Withdrawal of Form by an Individual)|
|Article Five (Measures for Individuals Who Do Not Possess the Ability to Decide)|
|Article Six (Verification that an Individual Is Terminally and Incurably Ill)|
|Article Seven (Doctors Not Legally Accountable for Carrying Out Request)|
|Article Eight (Duty of Keeping the Form)|
|Article Nine (Relation to Life Insurance Policies)|
|Article Ten (Punishment)|
R. Kielstein, H.M. Sass (1993), "Using Stories to Assess Values", Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (3): 322f.
__WHICH VALUES AND WISHES SHALL GOVERN YOUR TREATMENT? ... Others might not make the correct proxy decisions when deciding for you. Therefore you should let them know about your preferences and give them directions. Tell them which values and wishes you would prefer to govern the last days and hours of your life story.
|PRESENT SELF-ASSESSMENT||FUTURE SELF-DETERMINATION|
|1 - Yes, very important||A - Yes, very important|
|2 - Important||B - Important|
|3 - Not important||C - Depending on situation|
|4 - I cannot decide||D - I cannot decide|
|5 - No||E - No|
|1. I want to live as long as possible:|
|-if I am permanently unconscious||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|-if I am mentally incompetent||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|-if I am terminally ill||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|2. I want to be without pain.||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|3. I do not want to be dependent.||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|4. I do not want to die in the hospital.||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|5. I want a comfortable dying process.||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|6. I do not want to be left alone.||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|7. I do not want to be a burden.||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
|8. I want my values to govern treatment.||__1, 2, 3, 4, 5____A, B, C, D, E__|
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Kochi District Court__Heisei 2 nen (Wa): Sep. 17, 1990, No. 94.
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